The Endocrine System

The Endocrine System - immune system to function. The...

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The Endocrine System The Pancreas, Insulin, and Diabetes o The pancreas secretes insulin in response to elevated levels of blood glucose and amino acids. Insulin increases the rate at which many tissues, including adipose tissue, liver, and skeletal muscles, take up glucose and amino acids. o The pancreas secretes glucagon in response to reduced blood glucose and increases the rate at which the liver releases glucose into the blood. The Testes and Ovaries o The testes secrete testosterone, and the ovaries secrete estrogen and progesterone. These hormones help control reproductive processes. o LH and FSH from the pituitary gland control hormone secretion from the ovaries and testes. The Thymus Gland o The thymus gland secretes thymosin, which enhances the ability of the
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Unformatted text preview: immune system to function. The Pineal Body o The pineal body secretes melatonin, which may help regulate the onset of puberty by acting on the hypothalamus. Other Hormones • Hormones secreted by cells in the stomach and intestine help regulate stomach, pancreatic, and liver secretions. • The prostaglandins are hormones that have a local effect, produce numerous effects on the body, and play a role in inflammation. • Erythropoietin from the kidney stimulates erythrocyte production. • The placenta secretes human chorionic gonadotropin, estrogen, and progesterone, which are essential to the maintenance of pregnancy....
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2011 for the course ANTHRO 2000 taught by Professor Monicaoyola during the Fall '10 term at Broward College.

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