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The Skeleton - The Skeleton These notes are meant as a...

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The Skeleton These notes are meant as a reference for bone location & functional significance. Please do not study or try to memorize the bone definitions - just know their functions & significance where applicable. Also, know the bone types (long, short, etc.), surface markings, & be able to place bones in the appropriate groups (axial vs. appendicular skeleton, bones of pectoral & pelvic girdle, upper & lower limbs, skull, etc.). There will be some questions identifying bones by their features &/or location, but the best way to learn this is by learning the bones & features from the bone models in lab or... from the website Bones Review. Divisions of the Skeletal System Axial Skeleton: 80 bones - consists of bones arranged along (longitudinal) axis of body - includes: skull bones, auditory ossicles (ear bones), hyoid bone, ribs, sternum (breastbone) & vertebral column (backbone) Appendicular Skeleton: 126 bones - consists of the bones of the upper & lower limbs (extremities), & the bones forming
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