Vasculitides Types of primary vasculitides

Vasculitides Types of primary vasculitides - respiratory...

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Vasculitides Types of primary vasculitides This table below gives an overview of the vasculitides classifying them by the size of vessel affected. Size of Vessel Types Associated Features Other Notes Small to large Giant Cell Arteritis (temporal arteritis) Associated with polymyalgia rheumatica. Get headache, temporal artery and scalp are tender. Hair loss. Jaw claudication. Amaurosis fugax. Loss of vision Start prednisolone immediately and get a temporal artery biopsy within 3 days Small to large Takayasu arteritis Affects large vessels such as aorta, carotids, subclavian. Presents with a cold pulseless limb. Small to medium Polyarteritis Nodosa Aneurysms and thrombosis in medium arteries. Skin rashes and punched out ulcers. Affects gut, kidneys, peripheral nerves Hepatitis B may be associated Small to medium Kawasaki More common in children. Get mucocutaneous mouth ulcers Arteriole to medium Wegeners Upper respiratory tract and lower
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Unformatted text preview: respiratory tract involvement (pulmonary haemorrhage/ haemoptysis) often get a saddle nose. Kidneys (glomerulonephritis --renal failure) Skin purpura Arthralgia Eye involvement (scleritis, uveitis, keratitis) cANCA positive proteinuria and haematuria Arteriole to medium Churg-strauss (Triad of - asthma, eosinophilia and vasculitis) Affects skin, heart, nerves and lungs Increased eosinophils ANCA positive Arteriole to medium Microscopic polyangitis Glomerulonephritis, pulmonary haemorrhage Arteriole to capillary Henoch-schonlein purpura More common in children. May be a mild rash (purple nodules) on legs and trunk. In older children can affect kidney and gut. Arteriole to capillary Essential cryoglobinaemic vasculitis Arteriole to capillary Behcets Mouth ulcers, genital ulcers, joints affected and skin rashes, ocular involvement (uveitis)...
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Vasculitides Types of primary vasculitides - respiratory...

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