research

research - What is Research? www.drcath.net, 2008 What is...

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What is Research? © www.drcath.net , 2008
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What is Research? Research is the systematic process of collecting and analysing information (data) in order to increase our understanding of the phenomenon with which we are concerned or interested. Research involves three main stages: planning data collection analysis.
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The Research Process Originates with a question or problem. Requires a clear articulation of a goal. Follows a specific plan of procedure. Usually divides the principal problems into more manageable sub-problems (hypotheses), which guide the research. Accepts certain critical assumptions. Requires collection and interpretation of data to answer original research question.
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What is Social Research? It is research involving social scientific methods, theories and concepts, which can enhance our understanding of the social processes and problems encountered by individuals and groups in society. It is conducted by sociologists, psychologists, economists, political scientists and anthropologists. It is not just common sense, based on facts without theory, using personal life experience or perpetuating media myths.
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Social research is a scientific process It involves the systematic collection of methods to produce knowledge. It is objective. It can tell you things you do not expect. It consists of theory and observation. Sometimes called ‘soft sciences’ because their subject matter (humans) are fluid and hard to measure precisely. It is an empirical research – i.e. facts are assumed to exist prior to the theories that explain them.
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2 Forms of Social Research Basic or Pure Research: aim is to develop a body of general knowledge for the understanding of human social behaviour by means of a combination of empirical enquiry and application of theory. Applied or Policy Oriented Research: aim is to provide knowledge and information that can be used to influence social policy.
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2 Forms of Social Research: Basic Research is done by academics. Applied Research is conducted by applied social researchers employed by sponsors. Success for basic social researchers is when results are published in a peer reviewed journal and have an impact on the scientific community. Success for applied social researchers is that their results are used by their sponsors in decision making.
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Components of Research Theory Method Epistemology
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Theory and Research Theories can be categorized by: Direction of reasoning (deductive/inductive) Level of social reality that it is explaining (macro/meso/micro) Whether it is formal (general) or substantive (specific).
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Methodological Approaches: Epistemology
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2011 for the course STATS 221 taught by Professor Nielson during the Fall '10 term at BYU.

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research - What is Research? www.drcath.net, 2008 What is...

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