2 microbial taxonomy

2 microbial taxonomy - Microbial Taxonomy and the Evolution...

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1 Microbial Taxonomy and the Evolution of Diversity
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2 Introduction to Microbial Taxonomy taxonomy science of biological classification consists of three separate but interrelated parts classification – arrangement of organisms into groups (taxa; s., taxon) nomenclature – assignment of names to taxa identification – determination of taxon to which an isolate belongs
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3 Polyphasic Taxonomy used to determine the genus and species of a newly discovered prokaryote incorporates information from genetic, phenotypic, and phylogenetic analysis
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4 Phylogenetic Classification also called phyletic classification systems phylogeny evolutionary development of a species usually based on direct comparison of genetic material and gene products Woese and Fox proposed using small subunit (SSU) rRNA nucleotide sequences to assess evolutionary relatedness of
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5 Genotypic Classification comparison of genetic similarity between organisms individual genes or whole genomes can be compared 70% homologous belong to the same species
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2 microbial taxonomy - Microbial Taxonomy and the Evolution...

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