14 - 10/14/10 African Americans o Demographic trends US...

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10/14/10 African Americans o Demographic trends US Census 36.4 million 12.9% 1.8 mil black in combination Settlement patterns 55% in the South 18.1 Northeast 18.1. in Midwest 8.6% in West Ethnic and National Origins 93.9% are native to the US o 59.6% of foreign born are from Caribbean o 24.4% of foreign born are from Africa Who is Black? Census Definition o “Persons having origins in any of the Black race groups of Africa” Common Sense Definition o Phenotype (skin, hair, facial features) o Hypodescent: “The one drop rule” One family member is black= your black Old Racial Categories o Mulatto (retired in 1920) Consensus (fair skinned) Technically (One white and one black parent) o Octoroon (retired in 1900) 1/8 black ancestry Legal Definition of Black o Wall v Oyster (1910) Social network dictated whether or not she was white or black Father works with blacks=daughter is black o Sunseri v Cassagne (1938)
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course SOCI 317 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at Texas A&M.

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14 - 10/14/10 African Americans o Demographic trends US...

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