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27 - Less likely to drink “to cope” • Essential...

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9/27/2010 Type vs. Trait o Typologies typically represent categorical dimensions of personality Examples Hippocrates 4 ways to classify someone o Choleric o Melancholic o Sanguine o Phlegmatic Carl Jung o Introvert vs Extrovert o Traits represent continuous dimensions of personality Not just one or the other o We often describe traits using “type” language o High in extraversion= positive response in other areas Single trait approach o Self-Monitoring o Optimism o Hardiness o Locus of Control New traits emerge all the time in the psychological sciences. Self-Monitoring o See social psych notes (9/23) Optimism o Hopeful thinking o Better coping mechanisms Problem focused coping Accepting the reality of the situation o Less likely to have “giving up” tendencies
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Unformatted text preview: Less likely to drink “to cope” • Essential Traits: Identifying them o Top-down method Start with a theory Hans Eysenck • Used Hippocrates, Galen, Jung, and Wundt to identify 2 super traits o Introversion-extraversion and emotionality-stability o Later added a third- psychoticism o Bottom-up method Start with only the information • Raymond Cattell o Had no preconceived notions o Came up with a ton of tests o Wanted to let “reality” reveal itself (empirical method and factor analysis) o The lexical hypothesis The idea that the most important personality traits can be found in the language people use to describe each other There are a ton of traits • Ex. 4500...
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