10.13.04 - 7 Philosophical Relations

10.13.04 - 7 Philosophical Relations - Both Hume and...

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Both Hume and Descartes agree that knowledge is a function of making judgments. The 7 Philosophical Relations - Resemblance – looking alike - Identity - Relations of time and place - Proportion in quantity or number - Degrees in any quality – wider than, shorter than etc. - Contrariety – 2 is not 4 etc. - Causation – cause and effect Ideas come from impressions, relate ideas in form of judgments expressing the seven philosophical relations. Hume does not agree with this system. He outlines it to attack it. Hume divides the 7 relations into two groups 1. Relations which depend entirely upon the ideas being compared. Resemblance, Contrariety, Degrees in Quality, Proportions in quantity and number These are the only four that can be the object of knowledge and certainty. HOWEVER: While we can be certain about the relations between the ideas – we learn nothing about the world. 2. Relations that can be changed without any change in the ideas.
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