22 - Obtain pleasure Avoid pain Four Kinds of Learning • Habituation o A decrease in responsiveness with each repeated exposure to something Ex

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10/22/10 Things to Know What is behaviorism Three key philosophical ideas What is habituation Classical Conditioning o Know terms associated CC Learned Helplessness Behaviorism Study of how a persons behavior is a direct result of his or her environment particularly the rewards and punishments that environment contains Learning o The change of behavior as a function of experience Movement against psychology’s focus on immeasurable phenomena o Introspection A persons personality is the total of all of their experiences and nothing else Empiricism All knowledge comes from experience Empiricism implies that at birth the mind is essentially empty o Blank Slate Associationism o Any two things become mentally associated into one if they are repeatedly experienced close together in time How learning happens Hedonism (motivation) o Claims that people learn for two reasons
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Unformatted text preview: Obtain pleasure Avoid pain Four Kinds of Learning • Habituation o A decrease in responsiveness with each repeated exposure to something Ex: Getting used to the train going by in your apt. o With each exposure the stimuli is less effective o Works for positive stimuli too (Lemonade after work, 1 st one is better than 4 th one) • Classical Conditioning o Unconditioned Stimulus (US) A stimulus that will provoke a response without training (dog food) o Unconditioned Response Natural response to the US (salivation) o Conditioned Stimulus (CS) A stimulus that is paired with a US and comes to provoke the same response as the US (in the absence of the US) (Tone) o Conditioned Response (CR) The same response as the UR but now to a CS rather than to a US (Salivation to the Tone) •...
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course PSYC 330 taught by Professor Hicks during the Fall '10 term at Texas A&M.

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22 - Obtain pleasure Avoid pain Four Kinds of Learning • Habituation o A decrease in responsiveness with each repeated exposure to something Ex

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