2 - Group Processes Two types of Groups Both affect peoples...

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9/2/2010 Group Processes Two types of Groups Both affect people’s behaviors 1. Collective o Engaged in common activities with minimal direct interaction o Non-Social o Ex: Plane 2. Groups o Three or more people who are interdependent upon one another o Social Groups o Feeling of “we” o Size matters o Similarity Social Facilitation Theory (Zajonc) Cockroach study IV1: Easy Difficult IV2: Present or Alone DV: Time to Complete “Presence of others causes physiological arousal and increases the likelihood of a dominant response for the task at hand.“ Pool Hall Study (Michaels) Observed Students shooting Pool o IV: expert or novice o IV: Watching at close range or from a far o DV: Percentage of successful shots Novices play worse, experts play better when watching from close up Causes of Arousal Evaluation apprehension Mere presence of others Increased distraction Effects of Practice Driving with music/cell phones Rick Rescorla, 9-11 Social Loafing
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This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course PSYC 315 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '10 term at Texas A&M.

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2 - Group Processes Two types of Groups Both affect peoples...

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