23 - 9/23/10 What is the self? Knowledge about who you are...

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9/23/10 What is the self? Knowledge about who you are You, as an actor in your world William James (1890) “I” and “me” o me is like a library of information known self o I is the knower/seeker of information Knower of self Agent The self is a social construct: o The self is constructed from social information o Our social behaviors are influences by self-related factors When does the self emerge? Rouge test o Mirror dot on mirror, does the baby try to rub the dot off of its own face on the mirror Theory of Mind o Marble in the drawer. Move marble, sally doesn’t know. So where will sally look? Self Perception o Works as a schema o Depending on situation, certain aspects are more salient Working self-concept o The set of self-concepts we are aware of at any given point in time Priming Motivation Chronic, temporary o Some traits are more important than others Chronic Markus (1977) N=48 females IV o Schematic Extremely Independent Extremely Dependent o Aschematic Neither 3-4 weeks passed Words pop up… Pick Me or not me DV o Whether trait word was selected as me or not me
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23 - 9/23/10 What is the self? Knowledge about who you are...

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