16 - Interpersonal attraction and Close Relationships Why...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Interpersonal attraction and Close Relationships Why do we study relationships? o Aristotle We are social animals We need to get along with others to help us get ahead o Relationships seem to satisfy and inherent need that we have to belong and affiliate with others o Quintessential social psychology (though not always regarded as such) Relationships o Emotional benefits Being around others makes us happy Married people are happier than unmarried o Health Benefits People who have many relationships live longer Relationships have a stronger impact on mortality than cigarette smoking Ostracism o Remember: Ostracism hurts Williams et al. (2000) Virtual game of “Catch” Sense of belonging and feeling bad Eisenberger, Lieberman, and Williams (2003) Activated brain regions related to physical pain Characteristics of Relationships o Emotional attachment (love, affection) o Need fulfillment (self-validation, connection, intimacy) o Interdependence (mutual feeling of thoughts, affect, behavior) Generally, Two types of Relationships o Nonvoluntary relationships Family Work o Voluntary relationships Friendships Intimate relationships/Romance Three Factors of Relationships o Getting together Situational Variables Familiarity/Exposure o We like those who are familiar to us o Familiarity signals safety and harmlessness Mere Exposure Effect (Zajonc, 1968) Exposing people to a stimulus/person increases familiarity and thus liking
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Moreland and Beach (1992) 4 different female RA’s IV: attend class 0,5,10,15 times DV: students ratings of intelligence, attractiveness, spend time, work with Findings: the more that they showed up the more likable they were o Unless… We have an initial negative experience with the person we are exposed to We are exposed to the person too much o Familiarity is aided by Proximity Proximity (physically close) o Propinquity effect Simple physical proximity to others can increase familiarity, and thus attraction o Festinger et al. (1950) Examined friends at MIT 65% of friends lived in the same building 44% next door 22% two doors apart 10% on opposite ends of the hall o Unless initial experience is negative Similarity o Personality o Demographic o Attitudes o Physical Attractiveness o Newcomb (1961) Study of students in dorms IV: paired students based on attitude similarity DV: who were friends at the end of the year? Findings: More likely to be friends with
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/07/2011 for the course PSYC 315 taught by Professor Kim during the Fall '10 term at Texas A&M.

Page1 / 8

16 - Interpersonal attraction and Close Relationships Why...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online