Exam 3 FocusPoints

Exam 3 FocusPoints - Stereotyping, Prejudice, &...

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What parts of an attitude do stereotyping, prejudice, and discrimination correspond with? What did Kenneth and Mamie Clark’s studies suggest? (in your textbook) What are stereotypes? In what ways do stereotypes have the properties of schemas? What did Devine’s (1989) three studies illustrate about stereotyping? What does it mean that sex stereotypes have a descriptive component? What does it mean that sex stereotypes have a prescriptive component? What were the independent variables in Rudman and Fairchild’s study? What were the dependent variables? What did the researchers find? What do these results suggest about sex stereotypes (think about the difference descriptive and prescriptive components)? What is the Continuum Model of Impression Formation? According to this model, what are the two modes of processing information about someone? Under what conditions is each more or less likely to be employed? According to Fiske and her colleagues, on what two dimensions do most stereotypes fall? How does where a group falls with respect to these dimensions suggest that stereotypes act as “hot” cognitions? What was the major finding of Kay and Jost (2003)? How do their results support the idea that stereotypes act as “hot” cognitions? What is stereotype threat? How would you counteract stereotype threat? What is the logic by which this process occurs? What is an illusory correlation? If you present someone with information that runs contrary to a stereotype that they hold, what can happen (see p. 434, Kunda & Oleson, 1997)? What is social identity theory? How does social identity theory explain intergroup relations? How do the tenets of social identity theory lend support for the idea that stereotypes are “hot cognitions”? What is ingroup bias? What is outgroup homogeneity?
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What is the minimal group paradigm? (In your book, “minimal groups.”) What are self-fulfilling prophecies? What is realistic group conflict theory? What does it mean to “scapegoat” with respect to prejudice? How does realistic group conflict theory explain intergroup relations? How did Sherif’s study at Robber’s Cave demonstrate the principles of realistic group conflict theory? What is scapegoating?
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Exam 3 FocusPoints - Stereotyping, Prejudice, &...

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