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Exam1 Review - Psychology 315 Exam#1 Study Guide This guide...

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Psychology 315 Exam #1 “Study Guide” This guide is meant to guide your studying in the direction of topics that will most likely be covered on the exam. For nearly all of the topics, be prepared to recognize examples of each and spontaneously generate definitions and examples on your own. If you know everything covered by this guide thoroughly, then you should score at least a 95% on the exam. All of this guide was constructed by revisiting the lecture slides and looking at the textbook. If you can’t find an answer to a question, look again. And if you still can’t find the answer, ask a study buddy or Dr. Kim during a scheduled review session. NOTE: Part 2 of the Self will be posted on Tuesday evening. Defining Social Psychology What is social psychology? Scientific study of the way people think, feel, and act in the presence or imagined presence of others Group Processes According to lecture, what is a collective? What is a group? Why is group size an important factor to consider when defining groups? In what ways do groups encourage similarity among group members? Collective= non social (plane) Group= 3 or more, feeling of we, similarity is encouraged by the formation of social norms, even processes are made to weed out non-alike members What is a social norm? The way in which someone should behave in a situation What is a social role? The way in which specific members of a group act (a hierarchy) What is social facilitation theory? The tendency for people to do better on simple tasks but worse on complex tasks when their ability can be evaluated What were the independent variables in Zajonc’s cockroach study? What was the dependent variable? What did Zajonc find? IV- easy/difficult, present/alone DV- Time to complete What role does arousal play in social facilitation theory? Why do some argue that there is nothing uniquely social about social facilitation theory? It doesn’t have to be social, it only has to be arousal, flashing lights, white noise Why might arousal produce social facilitation effects? Evaluation apprehension, distraction What were the independent variables in Michaels’ study conducted at the pool hall? What was the dependent variable? What did Michaels find? Are these findings supportive, or contrary to,
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social facilitation theory? IV-expert/novice, close/far watchers DV-% of shots made Dominant response What is social loafing? How would you know if social facilitation or social loafing would occur? Complexity of the task, and whether or not one can be evaluated determines which happens. With respect to culture and gender, are there differences in who is more or less likely to engage in social loafing? Yes, women and members of Asian cultures are less likely to loaf Now that you know about social facilitation and social loafing, how would you explain the findings by Triplett (1898) and Ringlemann (1913)? Triplett- (cyclist) easy task with evaluation apprehension leads to more production Ringlemann- (winding thread on spools) easy task no evaluation, loafing What is deindividuation? What are examples of deindividuation?
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