Islam dem 11.3 - Islam & Democracy 11/3/11 Defining...

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11/3/11 Defining democracy: Procedural- normal elective properties and processes Substantive- considers those people that are elected to office/run the state/provide social services o Important to consider within Islamic countries because of the emphasis on social justice Process- the way of doing things Institution- rules and regulations that govern behavior; cannot have democracy without institutions (ex: Shura, 4 schools of Shari’a) Path dependency- the difficulty of removing oneself from following a certain type of path “authoritarian will continue to be authoritarian” VS. crisis and political change- a crisis will set political change in motion, because that is what people would want Endogenous variables- internal VS. exogenous variables- external (ex: colonial states, which according to Kubba are democratic even though they are widely believed to be examples of imperialistic behavior) Economic crises could be either endogenous or exogenous, and undermine political stability o Can lead to military/one party rule Ethnic conflict- seen in Iraq (Kurds, Sunni, Shiites) Islamic system of government Ijma’/qiyas - processes that are done by certain groups of people in certain kinds of ways
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course POLI SCI 367 taught by Professor Hamidabdeljaber during the Fall '11 term at Rutgers.

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Islam dem 11.3 - Islam & Democracy 11/3/11 Defining...

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