9.8.04 - Meditation III

9.8.04 - Meditation III - 5 God exists Proof that God is...

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Meditation III If the mind is applied to what it is I sense, it provides ‘certainty’ Criterion of Certainty In the First Instance of Knowledge There is nothing but a Certain, clear, and distinct perception of what I affirm. Types of Thoughts - Idea – ie. A hat (can’t be false) - volitions - judgements (can be false) Types of Ideas - innate – born with - adventition – happens to come to you - produced by me God is an ‘infinite’ and ‘all powerful’ idea. I am not infinite or all powerful, therefore something ‘infinite’ and ‘all powerful’ must have created the idea – hence god. Principle of Causation: There must be at least as much reality in the efficient and total cause as there is in the effect of that same cause. SO: Proof of God #2 1. I have the idea of an infinite all powerful, all knowing, Good God 2. I am a finite being 3. Principal of Causation 4. Only God can create the idea I have of God
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Unformatted text preview: 5. God exists Proof that God is not an evil deceiver 1. God is the source of my existence 2. the idea of God is of a perfect being 3. perfect beings do not lack anything 4. deception is a deficiency 5. therefore, God being perfect, has no deficiencies, and cannot be a deceiver. Aristotle tells us what a perfection is in the Metaphysics V 16; something is perfect ‘of its kind if it cannot be surpassed in excellence and goodness, e.g. a perfect doctor and a perfect flute-player when, in respect of the form of the appropriate excellence, nothing is lacking’ (Met1021b14-17). The Metaphysics also tells us that an excellence is a perfection; ‘excellence is a sort of perfection, for everything is perfect and every substance (ousia) is perfect when, in respect of the form of the appropriate excellence,...
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