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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Work 1 Paid work a 1990 20 of women...

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Chapter 6: Work 1. Paid work a. 1990- 20% of women in labor force in the US b. Hispanic men most likely to be in labor force b.i. Hispanic women least likely c. Women now make up 49.9% of paid laborers in US d. Emotional Labor d.i. Involves face-to-face or voice-to-voice contact between workers and customers d.i.1. Waiters/waitresses, flight attendants, teachers d.ii. Women more likely than men to be required to do emotion work in their jobs e. Equal pay? e.i. Saudi Arabia has biggest pay gap- women earn 16% of what men do e.ii. Equal pay day-average woman in a full time job has to work until a certain day in April of the next year to catch up with the wages of the average man from the year before e.iii. April 12 in 2011 e.iv. Date falls further behind every year f. Unequal opportunity: glass ceiling, glass escalator, and the sticky floor f.i. Glass ceiling- inability of women to catch up at the highest levels of management f.i.1. US Department of Labor’s definition- artificial barriers based on attitudinal or organizational bias that prevent qualified individuals from advancing upward in their organization into management-level positions f.i.2. Glass escalator- instead of being held back, men are pressured to move up the ladder in female dominated fields f.i.2.a. Black men usually unable to get on escalator f.i.3. Sticky floor- fact that women are stuck working long hours for small paychecks in their jobs, with few other options f.ii. Why is there a wage gap between women and men? f.ii.1. Discrimination f.ii.1.a. Bias theory-argue that decisions about who will be hired, promoted, or fired and what an employee will be paid are made in ways that discriminate against women f.ii.1.b. 1963- Equal Pay Act passed- makes it illegal to pay workers differently solely on the basis of gender f.ii.1.c. Tactics men use to undercut women: f.ii.1.c.i. Condescending chivalry- withholding useful criticism f.ii.1.c.ii. Supportive discouragement- discouraging a woman from competing for a challenging opportunity f.ii.1.c.iii. Friendly harassment f.ii.1.c.iv. Subjective objectification- believing all women fit some stereotype
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f.ii.1.c.v. Radiant devaluation- offering exaggerated praise for accomplishments that should be expected as routine f.ii.1.c.vi. Liberated sexism- inviting a woman for a drink after work as “one of the boys” but refusing to let her pay for a round of drinks f.ii.1.c.vii. Benevolent exploitation- giving a woman a chance to work on a project to learn the job, but taking the full credit for the final project f.ii.1.c.viii.
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