Chapter 12 - Chapter 12: History of Control and Punishment...

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Chapter 12: History of Control and Punishment 1. Contemporary Prison Life a. Prison Life a.i. Total institution- closed environment in which every aspect, including the movement and behavior of the people within, is controlled and structured a.i.1. Dubbed by Erving Goffman a.ii. Gresham Sykes’ 5 pains of imprisonment: a.ii.1. Deprivation of liberty - restricted to a prison cell involuntarily; bonds to loved ones are frayed; confinement of the criminal represents a deliberate, moral rejection of the criminal by free society a.ii.2. Deprivation of goods and services - inmates don’t have access to wide range of foods, entertainment, and services that free people routinely enjoy a.ii.3. Deprivation of heterosexual relationships - leads to sexual deviance within the prison; self-images in danger; sex drive changed into hypermasculinity a.ii.4. Deprivation of autonomy - inability to make decisions about some of the most basic tasks a.ii.5. Deprivation of security- dangerous and violent atmosphere a.iii. Inmate Subculture a.iii.1. Argot roles- specific patterns of behavior that inmates develop in prison to adjust to the environment a.iii.2. An argot is a special language used by a particular group of people a.iii.3. Names provide a map of the inmate social system and enable the inmates to engage in the ordering and classifying of their experience within the walls in terms which deal specifically with the major problems of prison life a.iii.4. Rats and center men a.iii.4.a. those who violate the inmate code a.iii.4.b. called rats and squealers a.iii.4.c. two types of rats- a.iii.4.c.i. those who reveal their identity in hopes of personal gain a.iii.4.c.ii. those who remain anonymous but squeal on a competitor or to settle a grudge a.iii.4.d. Center man a.iii.4.d.i. Actions do not betray the inmate code a.iii.4.d.ii. Someone who too willingly obeys the rules, takes the worldview of the administration, or who publicly proclaims the virtue of the “rulers” a.iii.4.d.iii. Despised for his open disloyalty to the inmate subculture a.iii.5. Gorillas and merchants
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a.iii.5.a. Deprivation of goods and services is partially relieved by these groups a.iii.5.b. Gorilla- prison bully; top of inmate pecking order a.iii.5.c. Merchants- doesn’t use force to get what he wants, but trades for it a.iii.5.d. Concerned with his own material advantage and is willing to exploit the suffering of other inmates to advance his own standard of living a.iii.6.
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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12: History of Control and Punishment...

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