Centralized Mindset

Centralized Mindset - 1 Topics for today Beyond the...

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Unformatted text preview: 1 Topics for today Beyond the centralized mindset CPR Assignment 1 Beyond the Centralized Mindset How shall we explain behavior? What background assumptions guide our thinking? A long tradition of centralized thinking with linear causality Sometimes this works well Another way to explain behavior What about decentralized thinking? Emergence and mutual causality rather than linear causality Self-organization rather than imposed organization Local interactions instead of global plans Emergent Phenomena Synchronized applause A propensity to coordinate with others Deciding on a frequency Everyone say a number Convergence in information cascades Stadium Waves Structure emerges from the interactions of simple agents Resnicks five heuristics for moving beyond the centralized mindset Positive feedback is not always negative Positive feedback can play a role in creating and extending patterns. Randomness can lead to order A flock of birds is not a big bird Dont confuse the properties of the individuals with the properties of a group. A traffic jam is not a collection of cars Some objects have an ever-changing composition. The hills are alive Interactions with the environment can shape behavior in surprising ways 2 Resnicks five heuristics for moving beyond the centralized mindset Positive feedback is not always negative Positive feedback can play a role in creating and extending patterns. Randomness can lead to order A flock of birds is not a big bird Dont confuse the properties of the individuals with the properties of a group. A traffic jam is not a collection of cars Some objects have an ever-changing composition. The hills are alive The environment can shape behavior Negative Feedback System State Sensor Target Compare Sense - Target Effector (-) Positive Feedback Signal Amplifier (+) Signal Filter (+) Amplifier Decentralized thinking in biology too Unmodulated positive feedback Amplifier Microphone Speaker Modulated Positive Feedback 3 Products of Positive Feedback loops Washboard roads Galactic structure Slime mold aggregation Coral branching Cities and roads Resnicks five heuristics for moving beyond the centralized mindset Positive feedback is not always negative Positive feedback can play a role in creating and extending...
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Centralized Mindset - 1 Topics for today Beyond the...

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