Fleck - Applying Ludwik Flecks Views to Contemporary...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1 Applying Ludwik Fleck’s Views to Contemporary Cognitive Science The genesis and development of a scientific fact Fact as resistance • “[the scientist] looks for that resistance and thought constraint in the face of which he could feel passive.” p.94 • “The general aim of intellectual work is therefore maximum thought constraint with minimum thought caprice.” p.94 • “In the field of cognition, the signal of resistance opposing free, arbitrary thinking is called a fact.” p.101 The bedrock of reality (normally invisible to mortals) A network of ideas enjoying the caprice of thought When theory contacts the world, as in an experiment, the “fact” is perceived as resistance to the caprice of thought A Central Fact in Cognitive Science The capacity of human short-term memory is limited to about 7 ± 2 distinct items. What would it take to verify or demonstrate this fact?
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
2 A psychologist needs an experiment • What counts as an item? – A minimal concept? A meaningful group of elements? A “chunk”? • What stimuli will “work”? – Digits? Colors? Nonsense syllables? Shapes? What is being measured? • Capacity of short-term memory • Note the role of the “storehouse” metaphor. It gives us the concepts of memory storage
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course COGS 102a taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '08 term at UCSD.

Page1 / 4

Fleck - Applying Ludwik Flecks Views to Contemporary...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online