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lecture2-historical

lecture2-historical - HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS LIGN101 INTRO...

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LIGN101 03.02.2011 HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
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lign101 03.02.2011 sound change conditioned sound change sound changes depend on the context [k] [t ʃ ]/ __[i ː ]
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lign101 03.02.2011 sound change unconditioned sound change every instance of a sound changes, no matter the context [ ɛ ] [e] in the Great Vowel Shift
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lign101 03.02.2011 common sound changes voiceless sounds become voiced between vowels assimilation: [f] [v] / V__V example: [wulfas] [wulvas] stops become fricatives between vowels consonants become palatalized
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lign101 03.02.2011 common sound changes Assimilation voiceless sounds become voiced between vowels [f] [v] / V__V example: [wulfas] [wulvas]
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lign101 03.02.2011 common sound changes Dissimilation difficult consonant clusters simplify, e.g. strengths [fif θ ] [fift] Deletion [h] deletes between vowels word-final schwas disappear [n ɔː z ə ] [n ɔː z] [no ʊ z]
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lign101 03.02.2011 common sound changes Insertion sounds inserted, particularly between consonant clusters Monopthongization dipthongs become monophtjongs
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lign101 03.02.2011 common sound changes Metathesis changes in the order of sounds hros horse frist first bridd bird
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lign101 03.02.2011
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