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lecture2-socio - LANGUAGE VARIATION LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE...

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LIGN101 03.07.2011 LANGUAGE VARIATION LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
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lign101 03.07.2011 variation besides region, linguistic variation also arises because of socioeconomic class gender age ethnicity
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lign101 03.07.2011 language and identity individuals adopt speech patterns that identify them as being a member of a particular group at some level, the use of the patterns is unconscious individuals form a social contract: share ways of doing things, ways of talking, belief, etc. these choices can be purposefully in contrast to others “individuals negotiate identity” (Eckert & McConnell-Ginet, 1999)
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lign101 03.07.2011 Labov, W. (1966). The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington, DC, Center for Applied Linguistics. 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 Casual Careful Reading % reduced (ING) Reduction of (ING) in New York by style and SES Lower Working Lower Middle Upper Middle
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lign101 03.07.2011 socioeconomic class Labov (1972) found that NY English speakers were less likely to drop the “r” at the end of words like “four” depending on what kind of department store they were in prestige associated with standard dialect speakers can adopt prestige dialect even if they normally use nonstandard dialect
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lign101 03.07.2011 age Young speakers almost always innovate e.g. use of like as an interjective ``He was, like, bothering me’’ older generations Fnd this change negative
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03.07.2011
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course LIGN 101 taught by Professor Levy,r during the Fall '08 term at UCSD.

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lecture2-socio - LANGUAGE VARIATION LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE...

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