lecture2-syntax

lecture2-syntax - SYNTAX: PHRASES LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE...

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LIGN101 02.04.2010 SYNTAX: PHRASES LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
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lign101 02.04.2011 more on lexical categories Words divided into content words nouns, verbs, adjectives, adverbs . . . and function words determiners ( the, a, these, those . . . ) prepositions ( with, for, of, before, over, under ) auxiliary verbs ( will, should, be . . . ) pronouns ( he, she, it, them, us ) conjunctions ( and, but, yet, so, or )
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lign101 02.04.2011 lexical categories Noun features plurals can be formed for countable objects modiFed by adjectives preceded by determiners Verb features take tense in±ections, e.g. -ed take other in±ections, e.g. -ing can be preceded by auxiliaries
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lign101 02.04.2011 lexical categories Adverb features quickly, often, maybe, very often end with - ly modify adjectives, adverbs, and sentences Adjective features have comparative forms, slow-slower-slowest modify nouns appear in sentences like “The sky is blue
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lign101 02.04.2011 lexical categories Determiner features deFniteness, indeFniteness, possession, quantity a, that, these, six, his, my always appear before nouns Prepositions express instruments, possession, space, and time appear before noun phrases with, in, on, of, over, for
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lign101 02.04.2011 lexical categories Auxiliary verbs can, will, must, have, would, should appear before other verbs Pronouns refer to the referents of other noun phrases Conjunctions link together phrases or sentences and, but, yet, so, or
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02.04.2011 phrases Phrases are the structural units built from words category of words determiner the kind of phrases it can build nouns can build
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course LIGN 101 taught by Professor Levy,r during the Fall '08 term at UCSD.

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lecture2-syntax - SYNTAX: PHRASES LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE...

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