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lecture3-phonetics

lecture3-phonetics - Phonetics Sounds of the worlds...

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COGSCI 08.12.2010 Phonetics: Sounds of the world’s languages LIGN101 Philip Hofmeister
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lign 101 01.07.2011 IPA words Sometimes, you won’t be sure between two close alternatives This is normal: people speak differently and stress can affect how a vowel is pronounced Here’s an ambiguous example: “of” could be / ʌ v/ or / ə v/
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lign 101 01.07.2011 Syllabic consonants Nasals & liquids can sometimes act as syllable nuclei Syllable nuclei : part of syllable that carries stress, pitch length Vowels usually carry this role Examples: “possum”, “hiker”, “table” /m ̩ /, / ɹ̩ /, etc.
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lign 101 01.07.2011 Non-English sounds Many of the possible phonemes do not appear in English What follows is a brief survey of the world’s languages to show you some of these sounds
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lign 101 01.07.2011 IPA words
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lign 101 01.07.2011 IPA words: palatal stops Hungarian Voiceless palatal stop [ cu ː ik ] Voiced palatal stop [ ɟ uit ]
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lign 101 01.07.2011 IPA words c ɟ
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lign 101 01.07.2011 IPA words: fricatives Ewe Voiceless bilabial fricatives ɸ á] Voiced bilabial fricatives [ ɛ ́ βɛ ́ ] - “Ewe”
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lign 101 01.07.2011 IPA words ɸ β c ɟ
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