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lecture3-semantics

lecture3-semantics - SEMANTICS LIGN101 INTRO TO THE STUDY...

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LIGN101 02.16.2010 SEMANTICS LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
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lign101 02.18.2011 semantics Bob Dylan is Robert Zimmerman. = CONTENTFUL Bob Dylan is Bob Dylan. = TAUTOLOGY
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lign101 02.18.2011 semantics Bob Dylan is Robert Zimmerman. Bob Dylan is Bob Dylan. Truth conditions : the circumstances under which the veracity of a sentence can be determined
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lign101 02.18.2011 semantics What would the world have to be like for the sentence to be true?
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lign101 02.18.2011 semantics Combining truth conditions with knowledge of the real world yields truth values (true or false)
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lign101 02.18.2011 semantics I am fast asleep at home right now.
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lign101 02.18.2011 semantics I am fast asleep at home right now. truth conditions speaker is sleeping at the time of utterance speaker is located at home truth value false (at this moment)
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lign101 02.18.2011 sentence meanings The dog chased the cat. The cat chased the dog. The cat was chased by the dog.
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lign101 02.18.2011 entailment X entails Y if the truth of X means that Y must also be true Jeff likes French people Jeff likes Parisians
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