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lecture4-phonetics

lecture4-phonetics - SUPRASEGMENTALS ACOUSTIC PHONETICS...

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COGSCI 08.12.2010 SUPRASEGMENTALS & ACOUSTIC PHONETICS LIGN101 - INTRO TO THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE
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lign 101 01.12.2011 Suprasegmentals Some phonetic information is context-dependent Suprasegmental content may be associated with a phoneme, e.g. / ɛ /, in one context, but not another Suprasegmental “rides above” the phoneme level Length Intonation Tone Stress
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lign 101 01.12.2011 Suprasegmentals: length Vowels can be long or short Long vowels are marked with ː symbol Vowel length is relative You cannot tell just by listening to a vowel sound in isolation whether it’s long or short Finnish: [muta] ‘mud’ vs. [mu ː ta] ‘some other’
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lign 101 01.12.2011 Suprasegmentals: intonation Intonation is defined by pitch movements across a sentence The same sentence can have different intonations I like coffee, but I know you don’t. I like coffee, but I don’t love it. I like coffee , but I don’t like tea .
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lign 101 01.12.2011
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lign 101 01.12.2011 Suprasegmentals: intonation Pitch accents are the metric of intonation typically, we talk about high pitch accents or low pitch accents again, this is relative to other pitch accents pitch accents usually have a discourse role: they indicate that certain words or phrases have discourse prominence; sentences should be interpreted in a certain way in the case of edge tones
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lign 101 01.12.2011 Suprasegmentals: tone Many languages use syllabic
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