ChE 178: Problem Set #11
SOLUTIONS
Due Monday, December 8, 2004
1.
The G(t, T) for a certain polymer with a density equal to 1x10
6
g/m
3
at a temperature
T = 350 K is given by
G(t,T) = 1000exp[(t/
τ
1
o
)
0.333
] + exp[(t/
τ
2
o
)
0.45
]
where
τ
1
o
=1sec and
τ
2
o
= 10
6
sec and the units of G are MPa.
(30 pts total)
a.)
Plot log G(t) versus log t from t=10
10
to 10
+10
.
(3 pts)
Using Excel, produce the following plot :
G(t,T)
1E28
1E26
1E24
1E22
1E20
1E18
1E16
1E14
1E12
1E10
0.00000001
0.000001
0.0001
0.01
1
100
10000
1.00E10
1.00E08
1.00E06
1.00E04
1.00E02
1.00E+00
1.00E+02
1.00E+04
1.00E+06
1.00E+08
1.00E+10
t
G(t,T
G(t,T)
b.) Identify the transition zone and the terminal zone on the plot.
(4 points total – 2 for
transition zone and 2 for terminal zone)
The transition zone is the decrease that occurs around t=10 to t=1000 sec and
the terminal zone is the decrease that occurs above around t=10
8
.
c.) Find the rubbery plateau modulus G
N
o
for this polymer.
(3 points)
The plateau modulus is the area of 0 slope between the transition and terminal
zone.
It is more easily identified in the region of the plot blown up below. From
the plot G
N
0
= 0.9 Mpa
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G(t,T)
0.1
1
10
1.00E+02
1.00E+03
1.00E+04
1.00E+05
1.00E+06
t
G
G(t,T)
d.) Describe the mechanism by which the stress relaxes in the terminal zone.
(3 points)
Here the stress is mainly relaxed by disentanglement through reptation type
movement of the chains.
We know this because there is a rubbery plateau,
meaning we can use the Reptation model to describe the entangled polymer
melt.
e.) Compute the entanglement molecular weight M
e
of this polymer from the plot.
(3
points)
M
e
= (
ρ
R T)/G
N
0
=(1x10
6
g m
3
)(8.314 m
3
Pa mol
1
K
1
)(350 K)/(0.9x10
6
Pa) = 3233 g/mol
f.) Estimate the critical molecular weight for entanglement of this polymer.
(3 points)
M
c
= 2 M
e
= 6466 g/mol
Recall that the molecular weight of the polymer must be GREATER than the
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 Fall '08
 SEGALMAN
 Hydrogen Bond, Polymer, Ron Zuckermann

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