Polysaccharides - Polysaccharides Polymers of...

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Polysaccharides Polymers of monosaccharides Oligosaccharides- short chain polysaccharides Storage o Polymers of α glucose o May be long unbranched chains or may branch out o Vary in level of complexity o Plants- starch Insoluble o Animals- glycogen Highly branched and more complex Structural polysaccharides o Made of β glucose monomers o Cellulose- plant cell walls o Chitin β(1 4) linkage Lipids Hydrophobic- do not dissolve in water Energy storage, protection, insulation, membranes, hormones Not polymers, but complex molecules 1. Fats 2. Phospholipids 3. Steroids 1. Fats Components joined by dehydration synthesis o Glycerol- 3 carbon skeleton with 3 hydroxyl groups o Fatty acid- carboxyl group attached to long carbon skeleton Saturated- only single bonds in C chain; straight Unsaturated- double bonds; kinks or bends o An ester linkage
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Polysaccharides - Polysaccharides Polymers of...

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