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Unformatted text preview: b. Ketone- ketose 3) Individual real names a. Ex.- glucose Numbering of Carbons Start with carbon nearest the carbonyl group Many optical isomers Many structural isomers Disaccharides Double sugars 2 monosaccharides joined by dehydration synthesis Glycosidic linkage Formation of maltose 2 glucose joined together Lactose Galactose & Glucose Linkage (glycosidic linkage) Cellobiose 2 glucose molecules together Glycosidic linkage Dehydration synthesis Formula? Add atoms of 2 molecules joined Subtract H 2 O o Example: C 6 H 12 O 6 + C 6 H 12 O 6 H 2 O = C 12 H 22 O 11 Polysaccharides Polymers of monosaccharides Oligosaccharides- short chain of polysaccharides Used for storage & structure Polymers of glucose Cellulose Starch- plants Glucose monomers Glycogen- animals...
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- Spring '09