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Moses and the Exodus

Moses and the Exodus - Moses and the Exodus Historical...

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Moses and the Exodus Historical Background Historical Setting: Egypt Hyksos – Semitic people who ruled Egypt (ca. 1750-1550 BCE) 18 th Egyptian Dynasty (ca. 1550-1304) expelled Hyksos 19 th Egyptian Dynasty (ca. 1304-1190) Ramses II (ca. 1290-1224) o “Ramses the great” Merneptah (ca.1224-1211) o Fought “Sea Peoples” including Philistines Merneptah Stele o Celebrates victory against the “Sea Peoples” o First extra-biblical reference to Israel: “Israel is laid waste, her seed is not.” Date of the Exodus 1 Kings 6:1- Temple built 480 years after Exodus Temple built ca. 960- would put Exodus at ca. 1440 Archaeological evidence suggests a date ca. 1290. 480 years could be symbolic. Book of Exodus Two Major Themes: o Liberation from Slavery and Oppression in Egypt o Establishment of the Covenant with Israel at Sinai Oppression of the Israelites (1) o “A new king arose over Egypt who did not know Joseph.” (1:8) Birth and Rescue of Moses (2:1-10) Moses murders an Egyptian man (2:11-15a)
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