FRHD 2100 DE Chapter 5 Gender Identify and Gender Roles

FRHD 2100 DE Chapter 5 Gender Identify and Gender Roles -...

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Gender Issues Chapter 5
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A thought I was taught early on what appropriate gender behaviour was. I remember thinking how unfair it was to do weekly cleaning chores while all my brother had to do was take out the garbage. When I asked my mom why, she said, “ Because he is a boy and that is man’s work, and you are a girl and you do woman’s work”. http://www.youtube.com/itgetsbetterproject
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Definitions SEX: biological maleness and femaleness GENDER: One’s personal, social and legal status as male or female. GENDER ASSUMPTION; Assumption about how people are likely to behave based on their maleness or femaleness. GENDER IDENTITY: How one psychologically perceives oneself as either male or female. GENDER ROLE; A collection of attitudes and behaviours that are considered normal and appropriate in a specific culture for people of a particular sex.
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Masculine/Feminine Terms used to attribute behaviours to male and female Notions of masculine and feminine are dependent on the era which they occurred. 1950’s not ok for males to change diapers as considered to be female duty Mowing lawn considered to be male duty
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Prenatal Development Complex organisms reproduce through sexual reproduction Two parents each donate a gamete or germ cell, which combine to create a new organism The germ cells from the sperm and ovum each contains half of the new person’s genes The germ cells direct the development of the genitals and reproductive organs The biological clock that triggers puberty, female menopause and male andropause is set. Most cells in the human body contain 46 chromosomes arranged in 23 pairs.
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Pre-natal development continued Two sex chromosomes are made up of X or Y chromosomes are donated by a man’s sperm. If the male contributes an X chromosome, the child will be female (XX = female) If the male contributes a Y chromosome, the child will be male (XY = male)
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Fertilization A sperm and egg each containing 23 chromosomes join to produce a zygote containing 46 chromosomes The zygote can now undergo mitosis (cell division) It then reproduces its 46 chromosomes
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chromosomes 46 chromosomes are threadlike bodies made up of over 100,000 genes Each gene contains DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) DNA acts as a blueprint for how every cell in the organism will develop
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Sexual Differentiation in the Womb A human embryo typically undergoes approximately nine months of gestation
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Sexual differentiation in the womb
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4-6 weeks, the first tissues that become the embryo’s gonads develop Internal Organs 5 th 6 th week of gestation the primitive gonads form Develop into either testes or ovaries Primitive Duct System develop by the 10 th or 11 th week Mullerian duct (female) Wolffian duct (male) In male embryo testes begin producing Mullerian inhibiting factor (MIF) and testosterone, cause Mullerian duct to disappear
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