FRHD 2100 DE Chapter 11 and 14

FRHD 2100 DE Chapter 11 and 14 - Chapter 11 and 14...

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Chapter 11 and 14 Contraception and Abortion Sexually Transmitted Infections
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History of contraception goes back to ancient Greeks and Egyptians 1800’s; several groups interested in controlling fertility to reduced poverty 1873; Comstock Laws, prohibit the distribution of information about contraception and obscene information 20 th century, Margaret Sanger, defied the Comstock Laws, to get contraception information and devices to woman History of Contraception
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Personal health Number of sexual partners Frequency of sexual intercourse Risk of acquiring an STI Personal responsibility Cost of methods Advantages and disadvantages of methods Factors for Consideration when making decisions about Birth Control
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http://www.teachingsex ualhealth.ca/teacher/re sources/malecondomde mo.html http://www.teachingsex ualhealth.ca/teacher/re sources/femalecondom demo.html Barrier Methods
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Condoms Male rubber condoms available in 1850’s Penile covering Placed on erect penis prior to vaginal contact Need to make sure to leave room at the tip for sperm Water based lubricants can be used; not oil lubricants as it will damage the latex Care must be used when removing condoms 88-98% effective if used properly Barrier Methods
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Available in 1994 Reality Vaginal Pouch: polyurethane female condom is approximately 7 inches long; two flexible rings which aid with insertion 79% effectiveness rate Barrier Method Female Condom
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Offer most protection from STI’s including HIV Relatively inexpensive and may be bought over the counter Eliminate semen leaking into the vagina Reduce spontaneity Reduce sensation or cause an allergic reaction to latex
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Latex, various sizes, fitted by a health care provider Works by creating a barrier to the cervical entrance with the latex and spermicidal jelly Must be left in place for six to eight hours after intercourse Effectiveness rates from 82 to 94% Users who are less than 30 years old or who have intercourse more than 4 times per week are at double the risk for failure Diaphragm
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Inserted prior to sexual activity, increasing spontaneity Spermicidal jelly offers some protection from STI’s and pelvic inflammatory disease Does affect hormone levels Relatively inexpensive Medical office visits required for proper fitting and usage instructions Increase risk of toxic shock, urinary tract infections, post coital drip May move during different sexual positions Woman must be comfortable touching her vulva Advantages and Disadvantages
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Sponge works in three ways: as a barrier, absorption of sperm and by deactivating sperm Intercourse may occur as often as desired, must remain in place for 6 hours afterward 75-83% effective Effectiveness decreases in women under the age of 30 or those who have frequent intercourse Contraceptive Sponge
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Purchased without a prescription or fitting
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FRHD 2100 DE Chapter 11 and 14 - Chapter 11 and 14...

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