Lecture questions -Energy-2

Lecture questions -Energy-2 - 5. Why did Europe and Japan...

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EAS 375 Fall 2010 Lecture questions - Energy 1. There have been a series of energy crises in the past. What were the causes of these crises? -1 st : Diminishing availability of wood in England in the 12 century. -alternative was coal. -2 nd : Decline in sperm whale oil for light. -3 rd : too much oil (new discoveries of oil) 2. How did Thomas Edison affect the use of oil at the end of the 19 th century? -He introduced electric light bulb which increased the demand for coal and decreased demand of oil for kerosene lamp. 3. What was Henry ford’s role in the use of oil at the beginning of the 20 th century? -He introduced motorized cars which increase the demand for oil or gasoline. 4. Why did OPEC pattern itself after the Texas Railroad Commission?
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Unformatted text preview: 5. Why did Europe and Japan switch from coal to oil after World War II? 6. After the energy crisis at the beginning of the 1970s, why did the United States fail to make change in our use of oil? 7. What is meant by sources based units of energy?-idealized (average) properties of a specific fuel. #8. What is meant by the phase oil equivalents when discussing energy?- It means how many oil or the energy required to raise 1 pound of water 1 F. 1Btu=251.995 cal 9. Energy usage may be divided into two categories. What are these two categories? - Locomotion (oil and gas, <1% electricity)- Electrical generation (coal, gas, hydroelectricity, nuclear, 1% renewable resources)...
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