24_Ch 20 College Physics ProblemCH20 Induced Voltages and Inductance

24_Ch 20 College - 198 CHAPTER 20(b The induced current through the axle will cause the magnetic field to exert a retarding force of magnitude Fr =

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198 CHAPTER 20 (b) The induced current through the axle will cause the magnetic field to exert a retarding force of magnitude r F BI = A v on the axle. The direction of this force will be opposite to that of the velocity G so as to oppose the motion of the axle. If the axle is to continue moving at constant speed, an applied force in the direction of v G and having magnitude app r F = () F must be exerted on the axle. ( ) ) ( 0.80 0 A 10.8 N app FB I == = A 0 T 9.0 1.50 m (c) Using the right-hand rule, observe that positive charges within the moving axle experience a magnetic force toward the rail containing point b , and negative charges experience a force directed toward the rail containing point a . Thus, the rail containing b will be positive relative to the other rail. Point is then at a higher potential than ba , and the current goes from
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2011 for the course PHYS 2020 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '10 term at FIU.

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