DRAFT saldaña_marieantoinette_N204_FMA2

DRAFT...

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Marie Antoinette A. Saldaña Faculty-Marked Assignment 2 in N204 I. Describe the common terms used in identifying the signs and symptoms of gastrointestinal dysfunctions
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GIT dysfunctions Definition Disorders accompanied by specific GIT dysfunctions and trace the pathophysiology Clinical Manifestations Nursing diagnosis Rationale for the chosen diagnosis 1 .Anorexia or loss of appetite Lack of appetite for food (Blackwell, 1994) 1. Acute Gastritis Causes : Excessive alcohol, aspirin or caffeine ingestion Frequent Smoking Severely stressful condition (e.g. trauma, burns, chemotherapy etc.) 2. Enteritis Causes : Ingestion of contaminated food, e.g. by staphylococci Viruses, bacteria, parasites Allergic reactions 1. Acute Gastritis Anorexia, mild epigastric pain, nausea and vomiting 2. Enteritis abdominal cramping, diarrhea and vomiting 1. Acute Gastritis a. Altered Nutrition: Less than body requirements may be related to decreased nutritional intake as manifested by loss of appetite and nausea and vomiting b. Acute Pain may be related to gastric mucosal irritation and inflammation as manifested by verbal complaints of abdominal pain 2. Enteritis a. Altered Nutrition: Less than body requirements may be related to decreased nutritional intake as manifested by loss of appetite and vomiting b. Acute Pain may be related to irritation 1. Acute Gastritis a. Altered Nutrition: Less than body requirements - manifestations such as vomiting and epigastric pain eliminate or decrease the appetite of the patient. Thus, the patient does not eat as much as he needs to. His food consumption becomes less than what the body requires. b. Acute Pain – since patient’s gastric mucosa is irritated, he/she feels acute pain which should be addressed by the nurse. 2. Enteritis a. Altered Nutrition: Less than body requirements - manifestations such as vomiting and abdominal cramping eliminates or decease the appetite of the patient. Thus, the patient does not eat as much as he needs to. His food consumption becomes less than what is required. b. Acute Pain – since patient’s GIT is 4. Dia- rrhea Loose or watery and frequent evacuation of stools, with or without discomfort (Blackwell, 1994) 1. Malabsorption Causes : Undigested food Reduced absorptive capacity of the intestine (e.g. due to abnormal absorptive cells) Inadequate mechanism to transport and absorb nutrient (e.g. deficient pancreatic enzyme and biliary secretion) 2. Enteritis Causes : Ingestion of contaminated food, e.g. by staphylococci 1. Malabsorption Weight loss, malnutrition, cachectic state (physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass), steatorrhea, diarrhea, bloating, flatulence, fluid and electrolyte imbalance 2. Enteritis abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and vomiting 1. Malabsorption a. Altered Nutrition: Less than body requirements may be related to malabsorption of food as manifested by weight loss, malnutrition, cachectic state b. Diarrhea related to excess fluids and electrolytes exceeds absorptive capacity of colon as manifested by frequent defecation
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DRAFT...

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