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FMA2 N204-Part 1 (4-6) - 4 Diarrh ea Loose or watery and...

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4. Diarrh ea Loose or watery and frequent evacuation of stools, with or without discomfort (Blackwell, 1994) 1. Malabsorption Causes : Undigested food Reduced absorptive capacity of the intestine (e.g. due to abnormal absorptive cells) Inadequate mechanism to transport and absorb nutrient (e.g. deficient pancreatic enzyme and biliary secretion) 2. Enteritis Causes : Ingestion of contaminated food, e.g. by staphylococci Viruses, bacteria, parasites Allergic reactions 1. Malabsorption Weight loss, malnutrition, cachectic state (physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass), steatorrhea, diarrhea, bloating, flatulence, fluid and electrolyte imbalance 2. Enteritis abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and vomiting 1. Malabsorption a. Altered Nutrition: Less than body requirements may be related to malabsorption of food as manifested by weight loss, malnutrition, cachectic state b. Diarrhea may be related to excess fluids and electrolytes exceeds absorptive capacity of colon as manifested frequent defecation of
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