4.DiarrheaLoose or watery and frequent evacuation of stools, with or without discomfort (Blackwell, 1994)1. MalabsorptionCauses:•Undigested food•Reduced absorptive capacity of the intestine (e.g. due to abnormal absorptive cells)•Inadequate mechanism to transport and absorb nutrient (e.g. deficient pancreatic enzyme and biliary secretion)2. EnteritisCauses:Ingestion of contaminated food, e.g. by staphylococci Viruses, bacteria, parasites•Allergic reactions1. MalabsorptionWeight loss, malnutrition, cachectic state (physical wasting with loss of weight and muscle mass), steatorrhea, diarrhea, bloating, flatulence, fluid and electrolyte imbalance2. Enteritisabdominal cramping, diarrhea, and vomiting1. Malabsorptiona. Altered Nutrition: Less than body requirements may be related to malabsorption of food as manifested by weight loss, malnutrition, cachectic stateb. Diarrhea may be related to excess fluids and electrolytes exceeds absorptive capacity of colon as manifested frequent defecation of
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