Disccusion 1.docx - For this weeku2019s discussion I am...

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For this week’s discussion, I am choosing three leading causes of the Civil War to discuss, which are the Fugitive Slave Law 1850, Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852, and the Dred Scott Case of 1857. The Fugitive Slave Law was passed on September 18, 1850 by Congress. The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 was a part of the Compromise of 1850. The law required that upon capture of all escaped salves to returned to their owner and enforce punishments on anyone who refused to be assisted in their battle. Many northern opponents resisted this law because they believed that it forces them to catch the slaves against their choices. If officers refused to look for and return freedom seekers, the government would fine the officers. African American were seeking freedom because they were not able to show any evidences to prove that they were free. The commissioners got paid either way whether they ruled in favor of the slaveholder or not. If they ruled in favor, they get ten dollars and if they ruled against, they get five dollars. African American who were free went to Canada to escape from this Fugitive Law. Ohio abolitionists referred to it as the “kidnap law” and they were trying to get people to oppose it. In the Oberlin Wellington rescue case of 1858, Ohio residents helped a freedom seeker escape in. Many Americans broke the law when they contributed in the Underground Railroad to provide safe houses to freedom seekers (Ohio History Central, n.d.). Uncle Tom’s Cabin is a novel written in 1852 by author and abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe. This novel revealed the harsh reality of slavery and known for one of the major causes of the Civil War. Her novel was first appeared as series of stories and later it was published as a novel book. The novel tells the story of Uncle Tom and others who were African American slaves. The

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