Final 2011 - Final Social Psychology Spring 2011 Topics covered on the final will include Prejudice Liking/Loving/Relationships Humor Altruism and

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Social Psychology Spring 2011 Topics covered on the final will include: Prejudice, Liking/Loving/Relationships, Humor, Altruism, and Terrorism There will be 40 questions on the final. Each will be worth 2.5 points each. Prejudice 1. What is direct prejudice? Easiest to identify. Openly proclaim prejudice. 2. What is subtle prejudice? Harder to identify. Quietly proclaim prejudice. 3. What is sexism? Prejudice or stereotyping of women or discriminating based on sex a. What is hostile sexism? Active dislike of women b. What is benevolent sexism? Appears favorable to women but is patronizing. c. What is the result of each? Active sees women as inferior to men where as benevolent sees women as positive but nurturing, kinder. Both justify relegating women to traditional stereotypes. 4. Describe the Attribution-Value Model of Prejudice and how it works. 5. What is “Stereotype Threat?” What does it mean in terms of behavior: People who are targets of negative stereotypes can conform to those stereotypes by trying to disconfirm them. Example: when blacks were told to take a test ( ½ believed that the test was being graded the other ½ believed that it was not being graded) they stressed when the test was being graded and as a result did poorly. The anxiety led to their weak performance thus supporting the stereotype. 6. How does “blaming the victim” reinforce stereotypes: if that woman got raped she MUST have been doing something provocative? It is the desire to see the world as a just place. It allows prejudice and wrong doings to continue without repercussion or negative thinking of the one who is in the wrong. 7. How does hindsight bias work in terms of stereotypes? 8. What are the main causes of prejudice: Prejudice is a biological survival mechanism. If we are generally friendly, open and cooperative prejudice does not come naturally. Rather cultures intentionally or unintentionally instruct us to assign negative qualities and attributes to people who are different from us. There are five causes of prejudice: a. Economic and political competition or conflict: Mexicans are taking all our jobs, so Americans dislike them. b. Displaced aggression: Scapegoat theory; blaming a relatively powerless innocent person for something that is not his or her fault. c. Maintenance of status or self image: Justify behavior and sense of self. If we do something bad to someone else we derogate that person or group to justify our actions. d. Dispositional prejudice: authoritarian personalities just hate people because that’s who they are. People like this are rigid in their beliefs and are intolerant of weakness in themselves. e. Conformity of existing social norms: unconscious childhood conflicts or personality traits, and others have prejudices depending on the norms of their subculture. (ex: people dislike blacks in the South and not the North). 1
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This note was uploaded on 12/10/2011 for the course GSIS 100 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '11 term at Embry-Riddle FL/AZ.

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Final 2011 - Final Social Psychology Spring 2011 Topics covered on the final will include Prejudice Liking/Loving/Relationships Humor Altruism and

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