Henner Final - Joshua Dray Dr. Henner 4/25/11 Final Essay...

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Joshua Dray Dr. Henner 4/25/11 Final Essay Essay 1: Part A: The criminal justice system in the U.S. serves three primary purposes. The criminal justice system exists to investigate, prosecute and punish crimes. In each state, and in the federal system, two separate codes guide the operation of the criminal justice system. These are the codes of criminal law and the codes of criminal procedure. A code of criminal law establishes what constitutes crimes in certain jurisdictions. A code of criminal procedure establishes the manner in which an alleged criminal offender is prosecuted for a crime and sentenced to a punishment if convicted. A basic role of the criminal justice system is to investigate crimes. Different types of law enforcement agencies participate in the investigation of criminal activity. These include agencies on the city, county, state and federal levels. At the conclusion of an investigation, if a law enforcement agency believes there is sufficient evidence that a particular individual committed a crime, a referral of the case is made to the appropriate prosecuting attorney. Another role of the criminal justice system is prosecuting individuals who allegedly violated criminal laws on the state or federal level and ordinances on the city or county level. The Constitution of the United States establishes the basic rights that accrue to a defendant in the
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Henner Final - Joshua Dray Dr. Henner 4/25/11 Final Essay...

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