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Unformatted text preview: PHYS4221 Quantum Mechanics I Fall 2010 RayleighRitz linear variational method Given the eigenvalue problem of the Hamiltonian operator H : H  Φ i = E  Φ i , (1) the Variational Principle states that any normalized state vector  Ψ i for which the expectation value E ([Ψ]) ≡ h Ψ  H  Ψ i of the Hamiltonian operator H , i.e. the average energy, is stationary is an eigenvector of H , and the corresponding energy eigenvalue is the stationary value of E ([Ψ]). That is, if we could actually carry out a variation of  Ψ i , starting with some initial  Ψ Initial i and varying  Ψ i by small steps, namely by rotating  Ψ i by small amounts in the Hilbert space, such that we could end by finding the true minimum of the functional E ([Ψ]), we would attain the ground state eigenvector and eigenenergy exactly. Similarly, a local minimum would give us an excited state eigenvector and eigenenergy. Obviously, this is not feasible even with modern computers....
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This note was uploaded on 12/10/2011 for the course PHYS 4221 taught by Professor Cflo during the Spring '11 term at CUHK.
 Spring '11
 CFLO
 mechanics

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