Week 9 - Gender Stratification

Week 9 - Gender Stratification - Gender Stratification...

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Gender Stratification Gender: Gender roles: tasks and activities that society assigns to each sex. Sex is the biological function, gender is the sociological perspective. II. Gender roles and social constructions Masculine: Dominant, Competitive, Logical, Self-confident, aggressive Feminine: Submissive, Emotional, Dependent, Nurturing, Affectionate What nature initiates (sex), culture accentuates (gender) III. Acquiring Gender Identities A. Identification theory: (Freud) One identifies with the same-sex parent. B. Cultural Transmission Theory: Gender identity is learned in a passive way. C. Cognitive Development Theory: Gender identity is learned by children in active role playing between 18 mos. and 3 yrs. IV. Sexism: Institutionalized, enduring patterns of discrimination and prejudice based on the belief that men are superior to women. . Sexual Harassment Quid Pro Quo: Sexual harassment takes place when sexual threats or bribery are made a condition of employment decisions. Hostile Environment: Sex harassment involves sexual jokes, comments, and touching that
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Week 9 - Gender Stratification - Gender Stratification...

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