Ancient Egyptian Artwork

Ancient Egyptian Artwork - Ancient Egyptian Artwork The...

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Ancient Egyptian Artwork The Four Egyptian Canons 1. Above is behind 2. Twisted Perspective (shoulders are squared the viewer) COMPOSITE VIEW 3. Hierarchical in size (size denotes importance) 4. Introducing ground line to organize space CUBIT FORMAT: the cubic format for the human figure resulted from the Egyptians' use of a grid system , and the technique of carving inward from the front, top and side views Miniature Figures: one had 365 mini figurines for one servant for one year had role call each day, so each servant would shout out instead of the master Napolean Bonaparte invaded Egypt - Brought Rosetta Stone (founded by Jean Francois Champollion Sean-pawl-yawn) o Three languages: Hieroglyphics, Modern Egypt, Greek o A name repeated 8x; framed by a cartouche BA (individual conscience, personality; separated from body at time of death and free to travel tomb during day, but returned to the mummy during night) - BA promoted the advancement of embalming and mummification - Difference with KA? Ka existed separately from the body, it was the eternal spirit/ life force Crowns of Ancient Egypt - Bowling Pin: Upper Egypt, southern Egypt I bowl against the current, towards the Nubians - Curly Q Seat: Lower Egypt, the crown of the delta Embalming and Mummification - (Three?) Types: Internal organs removed OR leave the organs and body as is - placed 7 natron filled linen strips at a time - Canopic Jars: Contained mummified remains AND Gods as animals on jars to project organs Symbols - Horus and a cluster of papyrus stocks and a snake= pharaoh is in residence - Horus= god of divine kingship, “lord of the sky” - Snake= combra= power= symbol of the pharaoh= URAEUS - Nemes cloth and ceremonial beard Pre-Dynastic and Early Dynastic Period 1. Women Mummy from the New Kingdom a. Museum of Cairo b. Well preserved, hair and eyelashes intact 2. Mastaba of Ti at Saqqara a. paintings were GENRE-LIKE, naturalistic in depiction; Typical representations of the ordinary life b. Anxious cow bc shepard if carrying off her calf, servants foraging water c. Modified twister perspective: shoulders are semi-turned d. The fording of the Nile was a metaphor for the passage to the afterlife. These reliefs combine stereotypical poses for humans and animals with unconventional postures and anecdotal details.
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e. Mastaba: chapel next to the serdab, shaft that leads to the burial chamber 3. Panel of Hessy-Ra a. Scribe holding reed and ink, in the Mastaba of Ti b. Scribes had social mobility, could become advisors, ministers 4. Ivory, small Pharoah a. Early dynastic period b. Deteriotated, realistically portrayed in the chin, ears stoop c. Artist is replicating what he sees HIERANKONPOLIS (hire- kom-polis) 5. Men, Boats and Animals a. Predynastic wall painting on plaster (fresco seco) b. Oldest Egyptian mural painting c. Historical subject manner: the war and unification of Egypt d. Introduces various ground lines (lacks depth) e. Hierarchial in proportion (canons of painting, size denotes importance)
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Ancient Egyptian Artwork - Ancient Egyptian Artwork The...

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