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Unformatted text preview: M ESOPOTAMIAN A RT SUMERIA 1. Cuneiform: from Sumeria a. From ideographs to phoetic symbols; wedge shaped characters on clay tablets 2. Votive Statuettes: a. Sumerians b. not portraits, not monumental (diff from E. statuettes), not funerary b.i. miniature stone figures: made in large quantities c. commissioned as an offering for the temple gods d. women and men both wear skirts with tassels (kanuae?) e. Inlaid Eyes with shell and black limestone; bitumen rubbed in eyebrows f. oversized eyes symbolized wakefulness of these substitute worshipers offering prayers to the deity. g. Once held something in handsbeakers the figures hold used to pour libations in honor of the gods. 3. Ziggurat: a. NOT FUNERARY b. Holy mountain of mudbrick masonry serving as a platform for a Sumerian temple c. White Temple and ziggurat, Uruk (modern Warka), Iraq d. Most famous is the Tower of Babel 4. Standard of Ur, Iraq: a. 2600 BCE; lapis lazuli (laz-oo-li), wood inlaid with shell and red limestone; bitumen adhesive...
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- Fall '11