Lecture 5 - PIAGET 1 Piagets legacy Philosophers had been...

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PIAGET 1
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Piaget’s legacy Philosophers had been debating what makes human knowledge possible. Piaget was the first who thought of looking to babies and children to understand how humans create knowledge. Since then, hundreds have followed in his footsteps. Next 2 lectures: Piaget’s observations and his theory of cognitive development. 2
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The course of the Piaget lectures From very abstract and theoretical, to concrete examples, to plugging concrete examples back into abstractions. 3
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What impressed Piaget about human thought. We distinguish appearances from reality Take large playdough ball. Squash it into pancake. Despite change in appearance, know that amount of playdough is conserved. Displacement/Symbols: our actions and thoughts are not determined by physical effects of objects on our senses Scientific hypotheses: can consider multiple hypotheses as potential explanations of the same phenomenon (e.g. rotation of sun in the sky). Flexibility: can mentally go back and forth between actual world and past or future world. Seeing liquid in a tall narrow glass, can imagine what it will look like when moved to small, wide glass Once liquid is in small, wide glass can reconstruct what it was like in tall, narrow glass. 4
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Constant theme behind Piaget’s observations: freedom from sensation Our thoughts and actions are not determined by immediate sensation. Rather, our mind “frees” us from the dictates
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Lecture 5 - PIAGET 1 Piagets legacy Philosophers had been...

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