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Lecture 6

# Lecture 6 - PIAGET Generalization question(test...

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PIAGET

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According to Little Romeo’s schema of physics, things fall unless they are supported from below. In school, he learns that the Earth is round like a ball. He accepts this new fact, but his physics schema leads him to think that no one could live on it because we would all fall off. This doesn’t make sense to him because he knows that people don’t fall off. To solve this problem, he imagines that people live on top of a flat surface inside a transparent spherical Earth. This way he can keep the core of his physics schema: i.e., things fall unless they are supported from below. What Piagetian learning mechanism(s) describe how little Romeo made sense of new information about the shape of the Earth? a) Assimilation only b) Assimilation and accomodation c) Circular reactions d) Disequilibrium followed by equilibration Generalization question (test understanding of concepts; 30 to 40% of exam).
Assimilation, accomodation, and equilibriation Assimilation : Integrate new experiences into old schemas. Accomodation : Keep same schema but change it a bit so it fits with new experience. Equilibration: Replace old schema with new one that does better job of organizing all experiences.

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How Romeo’s schema assimilated new information and accomodated itself to it. NEW OBSERVATION: Earth is round like a ball To assimilate new observation and keep schema , must accomodate it: flat part is inside round Earth. START: Core of schema = Earth supports people because it’s flat.
How Romeo’s Earth schema could have gone through disequilibration and equilibration. Physics schema: objects fall unless supported from below. Disequilibrium: Earth is round like a ball. So it can’t support people. But people don’t fall off (at least most of the time…). Makes no sense! Romeo learns about gravity: Physical bodies pull each other. Heavier bodies pull harder. Equilibration: acquire new physics schema Old schema: the Earth supports us because it is beneath our feet .

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