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Unformatted text preview: The American Psychiatric Association in 1994 defined abnormal behavior as anything that leads to distress, disability, or increased risk of death or loss of freedom, for oneself or others. Views of Abnormality- Varied over the years: demon possession still a popular view of mental illness.- Ancient Greece: mental illness results from imbalance of 4 fluids: blood, phlegm, bile, black bile. (Sanguine, phlegmatic (calm), choleric (easily angered), melancholic (sad)) respectively. (she said to pay attention to this in class) - Traditional Chinese philosophy: personality cycles with 5 seasons of change: Spring,(anger), Summer (joy), Late summer (meditation), autumn (worry) winter (fear.) Excessive response leads to abnormalities. The Biopsychosocial Model- Abnormal behavior has 3 major aspects: biological, psychological, and social.- Biological includes genetic factors, disease, brain damage, inadequate sleep, drug use, etc.- Psychological: reactions to stressors, such as physical or sexual abuse. - Social: certain social pressures make certain disorders more likely: cultures that emphasize thinness, anorexia. Las Vegas, alcoholism, etc....
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This note was uploaded on 12/11/2011 for the course PSYCHLOGY 101 taught by Professor Staff during the Spring '08 term at Rutgers.
- Spring '08