piaget - Jean Piagets View of Cognitive Development The...

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Jean Piaget’s View of Cognitive Development •The effect of any experience depends on someone’s maturity (Jean Piaget: 1896-1980) •Children have qualitatively different thought processes from adults. •Behavior is based on Schemata (plural of schema.) an organized way of interacting with others: e.g babies have a grasping schema and a sucking schema; add more as time goes on. •Assimilation: applying an old schema to new objects or problems. (i.e. a child observes that moving things are alive; sun and moon “move” , must be alive also. •Accomodation: modifying an old schema to fit a new object or problem: “only living things move on their own: exceptions” (the sun and moon may not be alive.) •Infants shift back and forth between assimilation and accomodation: Equilibration is the establishemnt of balance between the two = intellectual growth. Piaget’s 4 Stages of Intellectual Development •The sensorimotor stage (birth to 2 years.) •The preoperational stage (just before 2 to 7 years.) •The concrete operational stage (from about 7-11 years.) •The formal operations stage (from about 11 years onward.) Infancy: Piaget’s Sensorimotor Stage •Sense of permanence: Show an infant a toy, then hide it. Infants don’t attempt to find it.
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piaget - Jean Piagets View of Cognitive Development The...

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