BASIC FINAL REVIEW
BASIC FINAL REVIEW
Someone who has been immunized already for chickenpox or mumps is exposed
to a local school outbreak of either chickenpox or mumps. What type of immunity
does this person possess?
Acquired immunity (artificial active)
Tetanus shot injection will allow for release of what?
Patient given vaccination for rubella develops what?
Active acquired immunity.
44-year-old suffering from bacterial pneumonia, now she feels better. What stage
of immune response is she in?
In what stage of the immune response do the differentiated lymphocytes function
in either a humoral or a cellular capacity?
A woman has had multiple sclerosis for 15 years. To assist in the treatment of her
illness what would she lobby her state and local governments for the legalization
and use of?
Embryonic stem cells
Surgical removal of what organ may lead to an impaired immune system?
Depletion of what nutrient increases the risk for infection?
What is characteristic of the humoral response?
Production of antibodies by B-
lymphocytes in response to specific antigen
10. Nurse works on a bone marrow transplant unit. Your patient is receiving bone
marrow transplant. What will you advise his visitors?
Do not visit if you’ve had
a recent infection.
11. The bone marrow of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy is unable to
produce what in order to fight off infection?
WBC – leukopenia, Granulocytes –
neutropenia, RBC – anemia, Platelets – thrombocytopenia => risk for
bleeding and infection
Radiation treatment side effects –
platelet reduction, fatigue, malaise, anorexia,
hair loss, skin problems
Common side effects of chemotherapy:
weight loss, N&V, diarrhea, fatigue,
mouth sores, hair loss, neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, extravasation,
14. Patient teaching for someone undergoing bone marrow transplant:
and precautions, infection control, pain management
Monitor VS, SpO2, assess for adverse effects –fever, chills, SOB, chest pain,
cutaneous reactions, N&V, hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, anxiety, taste
changes, provide support and patient teaching. First 30 days after transplant, patient is
at risk for viral infections.
from someone else (family or anyone else),
from identical twin
15. The leading cause of death in oncology patients is infection caused by what?
16. What is the premise of hospice care?
17. Surgery for someone with stage IV colon cancer is referred to as what?
18. What is the primary and secondary prevention?
Reducing cancer risk in healthy
people, avoid carcinogens, lifestyle and dietary changes, public and patient