Basic final review - BASIC FINAL REVIEW BASIC 1 Someone who...

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BASIC FINAL REVIEW BASIC FINAL REVIEW 1. Someone who has been immunized already for chickenpox or mumps is exposed to a local school outbreak of either chickenpox or mumps. What type of immunity does this person possess? Acquired immunity (artificial active) 2. Tetanus shot injection will allow for release of what? Antibody 3. Patient given vaccination for rubella develops what? Active acquired immunity. 4. 44-year-old suffering from bacterial pneumonia, now she feels better. What stage of immune response is she in? Effector stage 5. In what stage of the immune response do the differentiated lymphocytes function in either a humoral or a cellular capacity? Response stage 6. A woman has had multiple sclerosis for 15 years. To assist in the treatment of her illness what would she lobby her state and local governments for the legalization and use of? Embryonic stem cells 7. Surgical removal of what organ may lead to an impaired immune system? Spleen 8. Depletion of what nutrient increases the risk for infection? Protein 9. What is characteristic of the humoral response? Production of antibodies by B- lymphocytes in response to specific antigen 10. Nurse works on a bone marrow transplant unit. Your patient is receiving bone marrow transplant. What will you advise his visitors? Do not visit if you’ve had a recent infection. 11. The bone marrow of cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy is unable to produce what in order to fight off infection? WBC – leukopenia, Granulocytes – neutropenia, RBC – anemia, Platelets – thrombocytopenia => risk for bleeding and infection 12. Radiation treatment side effects – platelet reduction, fatigue, malaise, anorexia, hair loss, skin problems 13. Common side effects of chemotherapy: weight loss, N&V, diarrhea, fatigue, mouth sores, hair loss, neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia, extravasation, myelosupression 14. Patient teaching for someone undergoing bone marrow transplant: restrictions and precautions, infection control, pain management Monitor VS, SpO2, assess for adverse effects –fever, chills, SOB, chest pain, cutaneous reactions, N&V, hypotension, hypertension, tachycardia, anxiety, taste changes, provide support and patient teaching. First 30 days after transplant, patient is at risk for viral infections. Allogeneic – from someone else (family or anyone else), Autologous – from the patient himself, Syngenenic – from identical twin 15. The leading cause of death in oncology patients is infection caused by what? Skin integrity 16. What is the premise of hospice care? Palliative care 17. Surgery for someone with stage IV colon cancer is referred to as what? Palliative 18. What is the primary and secondary prevention? Reducing cancer risk in healthy people, avoid carcinogens, lifestyle and dietary changes, public and patient education.
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Secondary prevention – detection, screening, early diagnosis, interventions: colonoscopy, self-breast exam, PAP smear. 19. Swelling and pain at the IV site during infusion means what, and what are the
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Basic final review - BASIC FINAL REVIEW BASIC 1 Someone who...

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