{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Chapter Review for Test 5[1] - Chapter Review for Test 5...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter Review for Test 5 Nutrition 1. What are 9 typical points assessed on a nutrition assessment? Weight, height, weight changes Diet Albumin, hematocrit Appetite Nausea, vomiting Bowel movements Chewing & swallowing problems Medical diagnosis Food allergies 2. Define carbohydrates, proteins, fats. a. What are the sources of each? b. Where is each one metabolized? c. Give examples of saturated and unsaturated fats. Carbohydrates - composed of C, H and O >Simple – sugars – water soluble, produced by plants and animals Monosaccharadises – glucose, fructose, galactose Disaccharides – lactose (fructose + galactose), molasses, table sugar, corn syrup > Complex starch (non-soluble, nonsweet) - polysaccharides – grains, legumes, veggies Fiber – cannot be digested, outer layer of grains, bran, pulp, veggie skin, seeds, a. Ptyalin – salivary amylase, pancreatic amylase, disaccharidases – maltase, sucrose, lactase – metabolized in mouth and absorbed in small intestine Proteins – amino acids, organic molecules made up of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen & nitrogen - Essential- cannot be produced by body, used for tissue growth and maintenance - Non-essential - can be produced by body - Complete (meats, eggs), partially complete (gelatin, casein)& incomplete (corn+beans) Digestion in stomach, absorbed in small intestine, metabolized by liver , excreted by kidneys (BUN). Lipids - organic substances insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol and ether, C, H & O. Fats solid at room temperature; Oils – liquid at room temperature Digestion – duodenum, jejunum with bile, absorbed in small intestine , metabolized by bile salts , excreted in stool Saturated – butter, animal products, cheese, whole milk, ice cream, cream, coconut and palm oil, fatty meats Unsaturated – olive oil, lowers LDL, raises HDL 3. Know the function of vitamins. Organic compounds, facilitate cell reactions, coenzymes, help energy metabolism, catalyze metabolic processes, protect against free radicals, subject to oxidation. a. What are examples of water soluble vitamins? B1 thiamine, B2 riboflavin, B3 niacin (nicotinic acid), B6 pyridoxine, B9 folic acid, B12 cobalamine, pantothenic acid, and biotin; C b. What are examples of fat soluble vitamins? A,D, E & K
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Vitamin A
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}