Exam 3 study guide new material Soc. 125

Exam 3 study guide new material Soc. 125 - Study guide of...

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Study guide of Readings for Material after Exam 2 that consist of 50% of the material for the Final Exam. Democracy Democracy means "rule by the people" -can become dominated by the power of the elites and dominant classes. Why ppl believe US has is profoundly a Democratic State: -we have fairly competitive elections -civil liberties are at least loosely protected -public officials are generally constrained by the rule of the law and prevented from using power in an arbitrary manner Democracy as a Value: -as an ideal, democracy is embedded in a broader value concerning individual autonomy and power: All people should have broadly equal access to the necessary means to participate meaningfully in decisions over things which affect their lives. This includes both the freedom of individuals to make choices that affect their own lives as separate persons, and their capacity to participate in collective decisions which affect their lives as members of a broader community. this conception connects the problem of individual liberty with the problem of democracy. the connection is because both embody the idea that ppl should control as much as possible the decisions which affect their lives. freedom: the capacity to make choices over one's own life. Democracy: is the capacity to participate in the effective control over collective choices that affect one's life as a member of a wider society. The decisions of ppl of the society is ultimately going to generate what we call Social Externalities. -for example the decision of a person to drive a gas hog SUV will have environmental externalities affecting the society as a whole. Or the choice to build a big house in the suburb increases the effects of urban sprawl. The problem lies then whether these externalities created should be viewed as a purely private decision a domain of freedom and autonomy? OR Should they be viewed as PUBLIC DECISIONS because of their effects on other people of the society?
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So, with that said, there is no answer to that question but democracy tries to balance the social externalities the choices people make as separate individuals while at the same time allowing individuals to make meaningful choices over their own lives. So how does democracy try to balance it? --one way is. .. to ignore many social externalities private choices on the ground thats it is better to tolerate negative effects on others than to interfere with individual choice. -this balance is the one that creates very strong PRIVATE PROPERTY RIGHTS and blocks the intrusive forms of democratic interference by institutions like the government. -another way or balance is. ..to impose many restrictions on individual choices through REGULATION for example zoning rules for cities, taxes on large cars, limitations on private education---on the grounds that the harms of these externalities are themselves a violation of individual liberty. in democracy therefore the decisions which affect their lives is applied to the idea of
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Exam 3 study guide new material Soc. 125 - Study guide of...

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